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The project team has drawn on a wide range of resources in the development of this framework. We continue to review professional and academic literature that might be literature relevant to this project. This includes research in peer-reviewed journals such as TESL Canada and Language Teaching, and reports and program evaluations commissioned by Citizenship and Immigration Canada and other government departments and ministries, and research carried out by organizations and centres interested in adult education. 

Here we have provided a brief selection of those resources that can be easily accessed online. They are organized by topic of interest. If you know of any resources that you think would be relevant to the project, please let us know by email at frameworkinfo@teslontario.ca.

Selected References

Teacher Education and Professional Development

Center for Applied Linguistics. (2010). Framework for quality professional development for practitioners working with adult English language learners. Retrieved August 6, 2010, from http://www.cal.org/caelanetwork/profdev/framework/FrameworkNew.pdf

Epstein, R. (2001). Client analysis in teacher education: What some Canadian and South African teachers identify as their professional needs. TESL Canada Journal , 18(2), 78-96. Retrieved from http://www.teslcanadajournal.ca/index.php/tesl

Farrell, T. S. C. (2008). Reflective practice in the professional development of teachers of English language learners. CAELA Network Brief. Retrieved August 6, 2010, from http://www.cal.org/caelanetwork/resources/reflectivepractice.html

Mathews-Aydinli, J., & Taylor, K. (2005). Online Professional Development for Adult ESL Educators. Retrieved August 6, 2010, from www.cal.org/caela/esl_resources/briefs/onlinepd.html

Schaetzel, K., Kreeft Peyton, J., & Burt, M. (2007). Professional development for adult ESL educators: Building capacity. Retrieved August 6, 2010 from http://www.cal.org/caela/esl_resources/briefs/profdev.html

Thomson, R., & Derwing, T. (2004). Presenting Canadian values in LINC: The role of textbooks and teachers. TESL Canada Journal , 21(2), 17-33. http://www.teslcanadajournal.ca/index.php/tesl

Adult Education and Training in Canada

A report on adult education and training in Canada: Learning a living. (2001). Retrieved August 6, 2010, from http://www.hrsdc.gc.ca/eng/cs/sp/hrsd/prc/publications/research/2001-002531/page05.shtml

Ontario learns: Strenthening our adult education system. (2005). Retrieved August 6, 2010, from http://www.collegesontario.org/research/research_reports/EXT_ADULT_EDUCATION_REVIEW.pdf

Ekos Research Associates. (2004). Evaluation of the language instruction for newcomers to Canada (LINC) program. Retrieved August 6, 2010, from http://www.cic.gc.ca/english/resources/evaluation/linc/exec-summary.asp

Howard Barton & Associates. (2006). LINCages to inclusion: Survey of the Ontario LINC program regarding learners with high need and diverse abilities. Retrieved August 6, 2010 from http://atwork.settlement.org/sys/atwork_library_detail.asp?passed_lang=EN&doc_id=1004301

Newcomer Communities

Bernard, A. (2008). Immigrants in the Hinterlands. Perspectives. Retrieved August 6, 2010, from

Bonikowska, A., Green, D. A., & Riddell, C. (2009). Earning differences between immigrants and the Canadian-born: The role of literacy skills. Education Matters: Insights on Education, Learning and Training in Canada, 5(5). Retrieved August 6, 2010, from http://www.statcan.gc.ca/pub/81-004-x/2008005/article/10798-eng.htm

Selected Websites

Additional resources can be found on the following websites:

Center for Adult English Language Acquisition (CAELA) operated by the Centre for Applied Linguistics (CAL) in Washington, D.C., U.S.A. 

Statistics Canada 

Centre for Excellence in Research on Immigration and Settlement (CERIS)/The Ontario Metropolis Centre

TESL Canada Journal


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